Evaluation Studies
Botvin, G. J., Schinke, S. P., Epstein, J. A., Diaz, T. & Botvin, E. M. (1995). Effectiveness of culturally-focused and generic skills training approaches to alcohol and drug abuse prevention among minority adolescents: Two-Year follow-up results. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 9, 183-194.

Two-year follow-up data were collected to test the effectiveness of two skills-based substance abuse prevention programs compared to a control condition with inner-city minority youth (N = 456). Students had originally been recruited from six New York City Public Schools while in seventh grade. These six schools were matched and randomly assigned to receive (a) a generic skills training prevention approach, (b) a culturally-focused prevention approach, or (c) an information-only control. Results indicated that students in both prevention approaches drank alcohol less often, were drunk less often, consumed less alcohol per drinking occasion, and had lower intentions to drink beer or wine and liquor in the future relative to students in the control group. Both prevention programs influenced several mediating variables in a direction generally consistent with non-drug use including increased alcohol and drug-related knowledge, attitudes, and refusal assertiveness, and decreased risk-taking. Thus prevention effects were produced with both interventions, relative to the control condition. The study provides support for the two approaches with respect to alcohol abuse prevention among inner-city minority youth. 

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