|Botvin, G. J. and Eng, A. (1982). The efficacy of a multicomponent approach to the prevention of cigarette smoking. Preventive Medicine, 11, 199-211.
The efficacy of 12-session multicomponent peer leadership smoking prevention program was tested on 426 seventh graders. The program focused on the acquisition of basic life skills and the improvement of personal competence, with particular emphasis on coping with social influences to smoke. Experimental and control groups were compared in terms of self-reported smoking status and several knowledge and psychological variables hypothesized to be related to smoking onset. In addition, saliva thiocyanate (SCN) levels were analyzed in a subsample of students. A significant reduction in new smoking was seen in students in the experimental group, based on both the analysis of self-reported smoking status and SCN levels. There also were significant end-of-treatment differences between the experimental and control groups on three of the knowledge variables and two of the psychological variables. At 1-year follow-up, significantly fewer of the students in the experimental group had become regular (weekly) cigarette smokers than those in the control group. These results indicate the short-term effectiveness of a broad-spectrum smoking prevention program that may be applicable to several areas of health education.